Foundations of Language : Ray Jackendoff :
The approach is remarkably interdisciplinary. Behind its innovations is Jackendoff's fundamental proposal that the creativity of language derives from multiple parallel generative systems linked by interface components.
This shift in basic architecture makes possible a radical reconception of mental grammar and how it is learned. As a consequence, Jackendoff is able to reintegrate linguistics with philosophy of mind, cognitive and developmental psychology, evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and computational linguistics.
Among the major topics treated are language processing, the relation of language to perception, the innateness of language, and the evolution of the language capacity, as well as more standard issues in linguistic theory such as the roles of syntax and the lexicon. Foundations of Sport-Related Brain Injuries. Recommend Documents.
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Remember me Forgot password? Jackendoff wants to escape what he calls the "syntactocentrism" of all the standard generative models where syntax has always been taken to be the central component of language. Even in the Minimalist Program, where D- and S-structures deep and surface structures are formally eliminated, syntax emerges as movement and merge operations combine lexical items according to their intrinsic lexical constraints pg.
After this, the derivation splits, as in all.
Instead of treating phonology and meaning as if they are both derived from syntax, Jackendoff puts conceptual structure at one end, and phonological structure at the other, with syntax in the middle. At one end, conceptual structure interfaces with perception and action. At the other, phonology interfaces with hearing, vocalization, and even with gestures e. Conceptual and phonological structures also interface directly with each other, and both interface with syntactic structure. Diagrams of these interfaces are found on pp.
A speaker starts with meaning, processes what he wants to say through syntax and phonology though with multiple feedback loops until noises emerge. The hearer starts with the noises and processes it in reverse. Of course the classical syntacto-centric model, where everything begins with syntax, was not supposed to be a performance model, but all else being equal, a model that conforms to the way language is really used should be welcomed over one that does not.
Those who are not immersed in formal syntax may find my simplified description of Jackendoff's architecture to reflect nothing more than common sense, but coming from a student of Chomsky, it amounts to a radical dethronement of syntax from its ruling position. Inspired by autosegmental phonology, Jackendoff wants to extend its tier structure to the two other major components of language: syntax and semantics. Although he does not work out the details in this book, the entire assemblage of tiers gives language what Jackendoff calls a "parallel architecture".
Like the prosodic, syllabic, segmental, and morphophonological tiers of phonology, each of the tiers of the syntactic and conceptual structures has considerable autonomy, but all are related to one another by "interface rules". These allow one tier to constrain another, but never to fully determine another's form.chinausinvest.org/modules/localiser/activer-localisation-gps-iphone-7-plus.html
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Important among the interfaces is the lexicon, and the lexical entry for a word, in Jackendoff's architecture, is " It lists a small chunk of phonology, a small chunk of syntax, and a small chunk of semantics, and it shows how to line these chunks up when they appear in parallel phonological, syntactic, and conceptual structures" Words are prototypical lexical items, of course, but many other bits of language can also be usefully looked on as lexical items, and one of the most dazzling aspects of Jackendoff's architecture is a typology of lexical items that includes much more than just words.
Start with affixes and idioms. Affixes are smaller than words, and idioms are larger, but both have both meaning and phonology, and since both are productively embedded in larger syntactic constructions, they also have syntax. Since they interface the same three components of language as words do, both affixes and idioms certainly need to be recognized as lexical items.
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We also find bits of language that are usefully seen as lexical items even though they are defective in one way or another. Words such as "hello" and "yes" have meaning and phonology but they do not occur as parts of larger constructions so they are defective in syntax. Dummy it it's raining and supportive do what do you want?
Neither syntax nor meaning, then, is an essential part of a lexical item.